Antietam (Battle of)


Antietam Creek

The battle of Antietam is described as the single bloodiest day in American military history. The Battle of Antietam, named after Antietam Creek by the Union army and Sharpsburg after the town of Sharpsburg by the Confederates, was fought in Washington County, Maryland in September 1862 from the sixteenth to the eighteenth. The commanders at the battle were Major General George B. McClellan of the Union and General Robert E.Lee of the Confederacy.. On the six`teenth McClellan's army confronted Lee's army of North Virginia. Dawn the next day began the bloodiest day of battle in American history. On september 17th, Hooker's corps mounted a powerful attack on lee's left flank. Throughout the day attacks and counterattacks went on through Miller's cornfield and swirled around the Dunker Church.dunker.jpg Union assaults against the Sunken Road eventually seperated the Confederate army through the center. Later, Burnside's corps came into action, crossing the stone bridge over Antietam Creek and rolling up the Confederate right. At a crucial moment, A.P. Hill’s division arrived from Harpers Ferry and counterattacked, driving back Burnside. Although outnumbered, Lee committed his entire force, while McClellan sent in less than three-quarters of his army, enabling Lee to fight the Federals to a standstill. During the night, both armies consolidated their lines. In spite of crippling casualties, Lee continued to skirmish with McClellan throughout the 18th, while removing his wounded south of the river. McClellan did not renew the assaults. After dark, Lee ordered the battered Army of Northern Virginia to withdraw across the Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley.
The estimated casualties were 23,100 total, and the seriously injured were approximately 17,000 soldiers. The results of this battle were completely inconclusive.

picture of antietam creek

picture of george b mclellan

picture of robert e lee

picture of dunker church

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